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Cat Scratch Disease: Symptoms, Treatment
Children love pets and they benefit from the companionship, relationships and affection that they share with their pets. However, pets can transmit harmful infections to humans. It is therefore important to know how to protect your child from these infections.
All animals have germs and bacteria. Some infections carried by animals cannot be transmitted to humans. But, humans can get animal-borne diseases when they are bitten or scratched by animals or come into contact with animal waste or saliva.
The most common household pets are cats and dogs. The most common infections carried over to humans by cats and dogs are cat scratch disease, rabies and ringworm.
Cat scratch disease is an infectious disease that results from being bitten or scratched by a cat. It is a bacterial disease and can range from mild to severe.
Signs and Symptoms
Diagnosis is usually based on a history of being bitten or scratched by a cat. Blood tests can confirm this.
Most people recover fully after 3 weeks, without any medication. People with severe infections are sometimes treated with antibiotics. Tenderness and swelling can be reduced by putting a warm pad on the affected area.
Complications and Risk Factors
The disease is transmitted from animals to humans but not from human to human. Cats that carry the bacteria do not appear sick. In rare cases of cat scratch disease, it can cause irreversible inflammation of the eye and seizures.
Author: A. van Staden
Copyright 2008: Remedium. This article may not be copied, in whole or in part, without the written consent of Remedium.
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