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Diabetes: Types and Symptoms

Diabetes develops when your body does not produce enough of the hormone insulin. Normally, when we eat foods rich in carbohydrates (starches), they are broken down into simple sugar and taken into our cells for energy. Insulin takes the sugar into our cells, so when our body does not produce enough insulin, the sugar from foods remains in our blood-stream and causes high blood sugar (hyperglycemia).

There are two different type of diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2.

Type 1 diabetics need to take insulin, follow a healthy diet and exercise to manage their diabetes.

Type 2 diabetics can control their diabetes with exercise and a healthy diet, and often need to take medication.

How would I know if I have diabetes?

You may not know you have diabetes as some symptoms may not be obvious or severe.

General warning signs are:

  • Constant thirst
  • Constant tiredness/fatigue
  • Frequent urination
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Unexplained itchiness of the skin
  • Blurred vision
  • Dizziness
  • Slow healing of cuts or bruises
  • Tingling or numbness of hands and feet

What do I do if I have these symptoms?

Many pharmacies do blood sugar testing. If your blood sugar is high, they will refer you to a doctor.

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