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First Aid for Heart Problems
The heart is a muscular pump. Each heartbeat is the result of an electrical stimulation that originates from within the heart. The most common cause of heart disease is a reduction in the amount of oxygen-carrying blood reaching the heart. This is mainly due to a narrowing of an artery or arteries.ANGINA
Angina is a cramp-like pain caused by a reduction in oxygen reaching the heart. It is usually brought on by exercise or excitement. For a relatively large number of people, angina is an ongoing problem that has a familiar pattern. Casualties usually respond well to rest and medication.You may notice:
Heart attacks usually occur because a part of the heart is suddenly starved of oxygen. It is usually due to a blood clot blocking an artery.You may notice:
The heart muscle becomes inefficient and the circulation through the lungs becomes 'sluggish' causing fluid to gather in the lungs. Heart failure may occur following a heart attack or it could be a symptom of other heart diseases. The attacks often occur at night.You will notice:
This is a sudden and unexpected stopping of the heart's pumping action. It could be due to a heart attack or because of other conditions, like electrocution or anaphylactic shock. When the heart doesn't pump, oxygen can't circulate through the body and the heart and brain will be rapidly damaged. The first-aider will have to perform resuscitation immediately and until emergency services have arrive.
Dial emergency services as soon as possible.
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