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Toxic Shock Syndrome
Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) is a serious but uncommon bacterial infection. Originally it was linked to the use of tampons, but is also known to be associated with the contraceptive sponge and diaphragm. In rare cases, TSS has resulted from wounds or surgery incisions where bacteria have been able to enter the body and cause the infection.
There are 2 different types of this condition:
TSS, caused by the staphylococcus aureus bacteria. The latter has been associated with tampons. The exact connection is still not clear, but it is believed by researchers that certain high-absorbency tampons provide a moist, warm home where the bacteria can thrive.
TSS can affect anyone who has any type of staph infection, including pneumonia, a blood infection called septicemia or a bone infection called osteomiŽlitis, but it usually occurs in menstruating women.
A related infection, STSS or streptococcal toxic shock syndrome, is caused by streptococcus bacteria. It most often appears after streptococcus bacteria have invaded areas of injured skin, for instance cuts and scrapes, surgical wounds and even chickenpox blisters. However, it almost never follows a simple streptococcus throat infection, commonly known as strep throat.
SYMPTOMS OF TSS, CAUSED BY STAPHYLOCOCCUS:
Other symptoms may include mental changes or confusion; decreased urination; fatigue and weakness; thirst; weak and rapid pulse; pale and moist skin; and rapid breathing.
SYMPTOMS OF STSS, CAUSED BY STEPTOCOCCUS:
Can happen, following a streptococcus infection in the body, in most cases a skin infection or infected wound within 48 hours:
TSS may be deadly in up to 55% of cases, and the conditions may return in those who survived.
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